Battle of Lechfeld (955)

The Second Battle of Lechfeld
Part of the Hungarian invasions of Europe
Lechfeld1457.jpg
The Battle of Lechfeld, from a 1457 illustration in Sigmund Meisterlin's codex of Nuremberg history
Date10 August 955[1]
LocationLechfeld plain, near Augsburg, Bavaria
ResultDecisive East Francian victory
Belligerents

East Francia

Přemyslovci erb.svg Bohemians
Flag of Hungary (895-1000).svg Principality of Hungary
Commanders and leaders
Otto I the Great
Conrad the Red (Franks)
Burchard (Swabians)
Boleslaus (Bohemians)
horka Bulcsú  Executed
Lél  Executed
Súr  Executed
Taksony
Strength
7,000–10,000 heavy cavalry8,000–10,000 horse archers
Casualties and losses
UnknownHeavy

The Battle of Lechfeld[2] (10 August 955) was a decisive victory for Otto I the Great, King of East Francia, over the Hungarian harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél (Lehel) and Súr. It is often seen as the defining event in the repulsion of the Hungarians' incursions into Western Europe. Located south of Augsburg, the Lechfeld is the flood plain that lies along the Lech River. The battle appears as the second Battle of Augsburg[3] in Hungarian historiography. It was followed by the Battle of Recknitz in October. It was important in rallying the East Frankish realm against a foreign enemy.

The first Battle of Lechfeld[4] happened in the same area forty-five years earlier.

Sources

Perhaps the most important source is Gerhard's monograph Vita Sancti Uodalrici, which describes the series of actions from the German point of view. Another source is the chronicler Widukind of Corvey, who provides some important details. The chronicle Gesta Hungarorum provides insight from the Hungarian side; however, this chronicle was only written in the 12th century.